From 2020 to 2024, in the eu electrolysis facilities for renewable hydrogen should be installed with a capacity of at least 6 gigawatts and a production of up to one million tonnes of the clean energy carrier. By 2030, at least 40 gigawatts or 10 million tonnes are provided. These goals has now set up the eu commission with its hydrogen strategy.
From 2030 to 2050, the technique should be mature for renewable hydrogen and "in coarse mabboat in all sectors in which the decarbonization is difficult, be used". "We need green hydrogen for steel, cement, chemistry and heavy duty traffic", the commission practice prosident frans timmermans, emphasized for the green deal.
According to the strategy of the eu commission, hydrogen should provide energy with energy, "which are not suitable for the electrification". In addition, he should help to store electricity when temporar consists of little demand for renewable energies. "Primary goal" will be the development of green hydrogen, which is mainly produced by wind and solar energy. Short and medium term, however, other forms of co2-poor hydrogen is needed to quickly reduce emissions and support the development of a carrying market.
The commission closes so gray hydrogen produced with fossil fuels, as well as the blue of natural gas fueled variant, in which the accompanying co2 is to be captured and stored. For this she founded the european alliance for clean hydrogen, at the "guided representatives of the industry", the civil society, government members and the european investment bank should be involved. With it, coarse investment projects in the field of clean hydrogen should be made up.
Above all, the composition of the board of directors of the alliance is criticized by environmental protectioners. There is that "who is who of the gas industry" collected, tara connolly complains of the civil society organization friends of the earth europe. It is incomprehensible that the commission "the key to the european hydrogen sector simply overtook the fossil industry". Companies like shell and snam had no interest in the production of renewable hydrogen.
The alliance should "be an open platform", whereby "the industry with its experience is indispensable", replied timmermans. The wide public and civil society actors also had to support the project and therefore with the table, as it does not give the green deal without them.
Up to 2050 climate-neutral
"Since 75 percent of the eu greenhouse gas emissions accumulate on energy, we need a paradigm shift to achieve our goals for 2030 and 2050", stressed energy commissarin kadri samson. Otherwise there will be nothing to become climate-neutral up to 2050. In addition to the targeted requirement of hydrogen, which had already created the commission with its industrial strategy, a second strategy should "integration of the energy system" pave the way. The latter should therefore form the frame for the energy transition.
The eu commission wants the eu commission to make the current model in which energy consumption in traffic, in industry, in the gas and in the building sector in "silos" with separate value chains, regulations, infrastructure planned, operated and measured. Over a strong circulatory oriented system designed for energy efficiency "new connections between the sectors can be created and the technological progress is used".
Generally, consumers should use more power among other things for hot pumps in buildings, electric vehicles in traffic or electric furnaces in certain industries. A network of one million charging stations for electric vehicles will pay in addition to the expansion of solar and wind power to the visible results of the strategy, it is called in brussel.